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Spontaneous gesture production and lexical abilities in children with specific language impairment in a naming task  (2016)

Authors:
Lavelli, Manuela; Majorano, Marinella
Title:
Spontaneous gesture production and lexical abilities in children with specific language impairment in a naming task
Year:
2016
Type of item:
Articolo in Rivista
Tipologia ANVUR:
Articolo su rivista
Language:
Inglese
Format:
Elettronico
Referee:
Name of journal:
JOURNAL OF SPEECH LANGUAGE AND HEARING RESEARCH
ISSN of journal:
1092-4388
N° Volume:
59
Number or Folder:
4
Page numbers:
784-796
Keyword:
Specific language impairment, gestural communication, lexical abilities, preschool-age children
Short description of contents:
Purpose: To investigate the role that co-speech gestures play in lexical production in preschool-age children with expressive specific language impairment (SLI).Method: Fifteen preschoolers with expressive SLI and two groups of typically developing children matched for chronological age (15, CATD-group) and for language abilities (15, LATD-group) completed a picture-naming task. The accuracy of the spoken answers (coded for types of correct and incorrect answers), the modality of expression (spoken and/or gestural), types of gestures, and semantic relationship between gestures and speech produced by children in the different groups were compared.Results: Children with SLI produced higher rates of phonological simplifications and unintelligible answers than CATD children, but lower rates of semantic errors than LATD children. They did not show a significant preference for spoken answers, as TD children did. Similarly to LATD children, they used gestures at higher rates than CATD, both deictic and representational, and both reinforcing the information conveyed in speech and adding correct information to co-occurring speech.Conclusions: These findings support the hypotheses that children with SLI rely on gestures for scaffolding their speech and do not have a clear preference for the spoken modality, as TD children do, and have implications for educational and clinical practice.
Web page:
http://jslhr.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?articleid=2543694
Product ID:
90028
Handle IRIS:
11562/933040
Last Modified:
January 31, 2019
Bibliographic citation:
Lavelli, Manuela; Majorano, Marinella, Spontaneous gesture production and lexical abilities in children with specific language impairment in a naming task «JOURNAL OF SPEECH LANGUAGE AND HEARING RESEARCH» , vol. 59 , n. 42016pp. 784-796

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