Moral philosophy investigates the principles that either have guided or guide (or rather should guide) human actions in history, be they the acts of individuals or the choices of society as a whole. Through the analysis of the most important ethical questions, especially those more directly affecting us, students are expected to acquire a good degree of critical awareness about the main subjects of moral philosophy, thus enabling them to deal with the main moral issues of our time.
The classes will consist of two parts. The first consists of a short but comprehensive history of moral philosophy, in which we will discuss the ethical thinking of the greatest philosophers (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, Kant, Nietzsche) as well as the main ethical questions and notions, such as good, evil, happiness, the moral must, and justice. In the second part we will analyze the notion of caring, an essential feature of present-day ethical thinking, with a special regard to its practical applications in the medical field.
Bibliography of the course:
- Audio files of the lessons, reperable at https://elearning.univr.it/j/.
- Jan Rohls, Storia dell’etica, Il Mulino, Bologna 1995 (only the chapters concerning the authors analyzed during the lessons).
- Karl Jaspers, Il medico nell’età della Tecnica, Cortina, Milano 1991.
Students who will not attend the classes shall also choose one among the following texts:
− Giorgio Bert, Medicina narrativa. Storie e parole nella relazione di cura, Il Pensiero Scientifico, Roma 2007.
− Marie de Hennezèl, Prendersi cura degli altri. Pazienti, medici, infermieri e la sfida della malattia, Lindau, Torino 2008.
The final test consists of an oral examination concerning the authors, the texts and the subjects discussed during the course.
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