Moral philosophy investigates the principles that either have guided or guide (or rather, “should guide”) human actions in history, be they the acts of individuals or the choices of society as a whole. Through the analysis of the most important ethical questions, especially those more directly affecting us, students are expected to acquire a good degree of critical awareness about the main subjects of moral philosophy, thus enabling them to deal with the main moral issues of our time.
The Ethics of Caring
The course will consist of two parts. The first, more general, will deal with a short but comprehensive history of moral philosophy, presenting the ethical thinking of some of the greatest philosophers (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, Kant, Nietzsche) as well as the main ethical questions discussed by philosophers through the centuries, such as good, evil, happiness, must, and justice. In the second part we will analyze the notion of caring, an essential feature of present-day ethical thinking, with a special regard to its practical applications in the medical field.
Bibliography of the course:
- Audio files of the lessons, reperable at https://elearning.univr.it/j/.
- Jan Rohls, Storia dell’etica, Il Mulino, Bologna 1995 (to browse only regarding the authors analyzed during the lessons).
- Luigina Mortari, Luisa Saiani, Gesti e pensieri di cura, McGraw-Hill, Milano 2013.
The final test consists of an oral discussion about the authors, the texts and the subjects discussed during the course.
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