Heuristics and biases (H&B), risk behaviors and individual differences

Starting date
July 1, 2012
Duration (months)
72
Departments
Human Sciences
Managers or local contacts
Ceschi Andrea

Although a robust literature exists on Heuristics and biases (H&B) in decision making, this research is largely confined to group-level differences observed in psychology laboratories. However, the past 20 years has highlighted an increased appreciation for studying decision making as an important individual difference variable that is separate from general mental ability. Because these abilities are largely overlooked by general intelligence measures, and the potential adverse consequences of suboptimal decision making are great, it is vital to examine the extent to which sub-optimal decision-making tendencies predict health-risking behaviors.

The current proposal offers the ability to bridge advances in decision-making research, which have demonstrated reliable individual differences in the ability to make normatively appropriate decisions, with research investigating the initiation of health-risking behaviors. By integrating these research perspectives, we can better conceptualize the antecedents of the development of advantageous decision making. Although a robust literature exists on biases in decision making, this research is largely confined to group-level differences observed in psychology laboratories. However, the past 20 years has highlighted an increased appreciation for studying decision making as an important individual difference variable that is separate from general mental ability. Because these abilities are largely overlooked by general intelligence measures, and the potential adverse consequences of suboptimal decision making are great, it is vital to examine the extent to which sub-optimal decision-making tendencies predict health-risking behaviors.

Sponsors:

Funds: assigned and managed by the department

Project participants

Andrea Ceschi
Temporary Assistant Professor
Arianna Costantini
Temporary Professor
Riccardo Sartori
Associate Professor
Francesco Tommasi
PhD student

Collaboratori esterni

Joshua Weller
Tilburg University
Research areas involved in the project
Formazione e organizzazioni
Psychology, Applied
Formazione e organizzazioni
work and organizational psychology
Publications
Title Authors Year
Accounting for Individual Differences in Decision-Making Competence: Personality and Gender Differences Weller, Joshua; Ceschi, Andrea; Hirsch, Lauren; Sartori, Riccardo; Costantini, Arianna 2018
Dimensions of decision-making: An evidence-based classification of heuristics and biases Ceschi, Andrea; Costantini, Arianna; Sartori, Riccardo; Weller, Joshua; Di Fabio, Annamaria 2018
Who is a Distracted Driver? Associations between Mobile Phone Use while Driving, Domain-Specific Risk Taking, and Personality. Sween, M.; Ceschi, Andrea; Tommasi, Francesco; Sartori, Riccardo; Weller, Joshua 2017

Activities

Research facilities