To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link Course organization
The aim of the course is to give the students a precise and articulated reconstruction of the contemporary philosophy starting from the German idealism, so as to provide them with a general knowledge and adequate conceptual tools in sight of their following studies. A particular attention is devoted to the problems from which the philosophical conceptions arise and their historical-cultural influence. The course will give also indications on the historiographic debate and the critical fortune of single authors.
The syllabus is the same for students attending lectures and those not attending lectures (on the latter see below), and has the following parts:
- The post-Kantian debate and Fichte;
- Art and nature in Schelling;
- Idealism and history in Hegel;
- The post-Hegelian debate: Strauss, Feuerbach, Marx;
- The alternative of Schopenhauer;
- Nietzsche: the death of God;
- Positivism, neo-positivism, Wittgenstein;
- Freud and the discovery of the unconscious;
- Bataille: eroticism, dépense, chance.
Monographic part: the phenomenology and Heidegger;
- Husserl and the birth of phenomenology;
- The relationship Husserl/Heidegger;
- Sein und Zeit;
- The Kantian interpretation of Heidegger.
On the texts of the syllabus, please see above the syllabus in Italian, in which they are distinguished in compulsory and not compulsory.
NOTE: As already said, the syllabus and the method of examination are the same both form students attending lectures and those not in condition to attend lectures, but for the latter, and anyone needing some further support, the professor foresees information material and texts to be uploaded on the platform ZOOM, besides (where possible) single recorded lectures on subjects particularly meaningful or complex of the course (always on the platform ZOOM).
|Karl Löwith||Da Hegel a Nietzsche||Einaudi|
|Martin Heidegger||Kant e il problema della metafisica||Laterza|
|Friedrich Nietzsche||La gaia scienza||Adelphi|
|Giuseppe Fornari||Mito, tragedia, filosofia. Dall'antica Grecia al Moderno (Edizione 2)||Mimesis||2020||Del testo sono da studiare i primi tre capitoli e la conclusione.|
|E. Berti-F. Volpi||Storia della Filosofia||Laterza||Il testo non è obbligatorio ma è consigliato come supporto per lo studio di alcuni autori e argomenti per quanto riguarda la parte di Filosofia contemporanea (si veda nel programma).|
|Georges Bataille||Su Nietzsche||SE|
|Ludwig Wittgenstein||Tractatus logico-philosophicus||Einaudi|
The exam is oral and consists of a colloquium in which the student is invited by the professor to interpret the subjects developed during the lectures through a dialogue based on the personal reasoning. The method of examination is the very same both for students attending lectures and students not attending lectures.