To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link Course organization
The knowledge acquired by students about the main authors, schools and topics of medieval thought will help them to forge a detailed view of the history of Western philosophy and its main conceptions.
Students will develop the capacity to correctly put medieval philosophical texts within their historical contexts, to approach them critically and from viable hermeneutical perspectives, and to express themselves in a proper philosophical terminology suited to the context. This will also enable them to compare some specific issues or topics of medieval philosophy with present-days ones.
The course will deal with the following subjects:
1. The meaning and the value of the Middle Ages:
- different readings and assessments on the Middle Ages (Humanism, Enlightment, Romanticism, historical-critical);
- Middle Ages beyond the Eurocentric perspective, as an age of pluralism: multi-confessional and multi-cultural (co-presence of a Latin, a Greek, a Hebrew and a Muslim Middle-Ages);
- the Middle Ages as the founding moment of European identity: birth of national languages and literatures, as well as pre-statual monarchies;
- the Middle Ages face to the legacy of the Greek-Roman and Late Antiquity worlds;
- the Middle Ages and science.
2. Historical phases in Medieval philosophy:
- Late Antiquity or Formation phase (division between the Greek and the Roman world; Augustine; Boethius);
- High Middle Ages phase (Carolingian age and Eriugena; 10th-century);
- The phase of the restart of philosophical reflection (Anselm of Canterbury);
- The renaissance of the 12th Century and the first Scholasticism (Abelard, the Great schools of Chartres and St.-Victor, the rediscover of science, the reactionary turn in the monastic thinking of Bernard of Clairvaux);
- 13th-century mature Scholasticism, the birth of universities and the rediscover of Aristotle (Avicenna and Averroes, Thomas Aquinas, Bonaventure of Bagnoregio);
- The decline and dissolution of Scholasticism and the fading of the Middle Ages into Humanism in the 14th century (Duns Scoto, Ockham, the political thought of Marsilio of Padua).
Beside usual class lessons, which may include the usage of slides, the course will rely on readings and discussions of texts of different authors and periods (always conducted in close reference with the Latin original texts), in order that students may learn the characteristics of medieval philosophy, its internal dynamics, and how to position it within the wider context of Western civilization, particularly with respect to our time. Classes might also be offered using teaching at distance.
Students who cannot attend the classes are not asked to follow a different program. It is always possible for all students to devise a customized program: in this case, students are requested to discuss it in advance.
The reference text of the course is:
Carlo Chiurco, "Il pensiero medievale. I grandi temi: ontologia ed etica. Gli autori e le scuole", QuiEdit, Verona 2019.
PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS IS THE NEW EDITION OF THE TEXT, PUBLISHED BY LATE 2019.
Beside the program texts, it is compulsory to study the audio files of the classes found on the e-learning website of the university.
|Carlo Chiurco||Il pensiero medievale. I grandi temi: ontologia ed etica. Gli autori e le scuole||QuiEdit||2019||978-88-6464-471-4|
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EXAMINATION
The examination test aims to ascertain that students meet the course targets outlined above, and it consists of an oral examination, featuring at least two open questions concerning the subjects and the authors studied during the course. Should the present state of emergency due to the pandemic persist, the examination will take place using the online tools provided by the university.