The course aims at developing a path that, through the direct study of texts, allows the critical understanding of a central theme for the history of modern philosophy. The intertwining of conceptual investigation, historical reconstruction and analysis of individual texts should in fact allow the student to develop complex philosophical skills.
General title: The gnosiological problem as philosophical identification of the question of the human origin.
The course aims to examine the modern gnosiology in its two fundamental moments: the systematic thematization of the autonomy and centrality of human knowledge in Descartes and the most articulated theoretical formulation of gnosiology reached in modern times by Kant. This central topic will find a more general frame, on the one hand, in a general reconstruction of the relationship between ontology and gnosiology in the pre-modern thought and, on the other, in the debate on knowledge and metaphysics in Kant developed in the 20th century by Heidegger.
|Immanuel Kant||Critica della ragion pura||Adelphi||1976|
|Martin Heidegger||Kant e il problema della metafisica||Laterza|
|Giuseppe Fornari||Mito, tragedia, filosofia. Dall'antica Grecia al Moderno (Edizione 2)||Mimesis||2020|
|René Descartes||Regulae ad directionem ingenii||Bompiani||Va bene anche un'altra edizione purché completa|
The exam is oral and consists of a dialogue held together with the professor in order to ascertain the comprehension of the topics of the course.
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