The aim of the course is to follow a particular path of theoretical philosophy and precisely that of the philosophy of religion, which is of a great significance in the actual socio-historical context. Participants are invited to wonder about their image (or non-image) of the divine and, based on their experience and their interests, to assess critically some reference texts in order write a short well-reasoned summary of some parts of them. At the end of the course, students will have to prove: their adequate knowledge of the texts; critical assessment; to know how to communicate their knowledge in a clear, coherent and well-supported way; to know how to interact in the discussions with the professor and the other students.
SUBJECT OF THE COURSE
ANNIHILATION. THE GENESIS AND THE RISE OF AN IDEA
Every living being is potentially immortal, capable as it is to replicate itself indefinitely by substituting its dead cells with new ones. Yet, at a given time, every living being ceases to do so, actually allowing self-annihilation to fatally take over itself. Men have always lived and died, believing death were just a passage; but when Greeks discovered that the meaning of being is an infinite opposition against nothing, they also discovered a new sense of death—as annihilation, and not as a passage anymore. On the Greek sense of being and nothing Plato founds his Republic, just as Augustine builds his theology, according to which God creates everything from pure nothing. Today, in the age of God’s death, technics impose its presence as the capacity to indefinitely manipulate everything. Between these two extremes lays the entire history of Western civilization: God is the first technician, technics is the last god. Provided, of course, that everything has already been said on the meaning of being: if not, this could reopen all games about annihilation as the last word and the fate of everything and everyone.
Classes will be held physically and/or, in case of protracted emergency, virtually using the tools provided by the university. They consist of reading and discussing texts of different authors and periods (such activities may also include the usage of slides), and also movie projections. In this way, students may grasp the various conceptions and subjects dealt with during the course, as well as a critically based approach to the texts of the course that takes into account a proper historical and hermeneutical background.
Students who cannot attend classes are not asked to follow a different program. It is always possible for all students to devise a customized program with the professor.
Beside reading the course texts, students are required to listen to the audio files of the classes found on the university e-learning website.
|Alex Garland||Annientamento (film)||2018|
|Emanuele Severino||Essenza del nichilismo||Adelphi||1991||Il capitolo "La terra e l'essenza dell'uomo". Va bene qualunque edizione purché Adelphi (quindi non la prima: Paideia, Brescia 1972).|
|F. Nietzsche||La gaia scienza||Adelphi||1993||Aforismi scelti. Va bene qualsiasi edizione, purché Adelphi.|
|Platone||La Repubblica (Edizione 16)||Laterza||2007||88-420-4544-6||Libro V. Va bene qualunque altra edizione.|
|Severino, Emanuele||Oltre il linguaggio||Adelphi||1992|
|Martin Heidegger||Sentieri interrotti||1987||Il capitolo "La sentenza di Nietzsche: 'Dio è morto' ". Va bene qualsiasi edizione (1987, 1994, ecc.).|
The final examination tests is aimed at ascertaining that students meet the course targets as outlined above. It consists of an oral examination that may be held physically and/or, in case of protracted emergency, virtually using the tools provided by the university.