Institutions of Philosophy (2020/2021)

Course code
4S007313
Credits
12
Coordinator
Gianluca Solla
Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
MODULO I 6 M-FIL/01-THEORETICAL PHILOSOPHY Sem. 1A Gianluca Solla
MODULO II 6 M-FIL/01-THEORETICAL PHILOSOPHY Sem. 1B Guido Cusinato

Learning outcomes

Fundaments of Philosophy
The course aims to provide students with the basic knowledge of the main theoretical lines of Western philosophical tradition.
At the end of the course, students will be able: to comprehend the texts in the programme, so that they may improve their overall analytic, contextualization and interpretation skills; to critically revise the contents of the course, in order to make autonomous assessments on specific topics; to use properly a basic philosophical terminology; to argument correctly on the main topics of Western theoretical philosophy; to communicate philosophical topics correctly.
MODULE 1
The module aims to provide students with the knowledge of the principles that, according to Western philosophical tradition, have shaped human experience. In particular, it will provide them with the knowledge of the reflections on the origin and structure of philosophical concepts, by means of highlighting the convergence between theoretical philosophy and other disciplines, both in the field of humanities (literature, figurative arts, cinema, theatre) and science (psychology, biology etc.)


Students will learn the specific terminology and the main conceptual and methodological research skills that may provide helpful insight in the main topics of contemporary theoretical philosophy. They will also acquire the ability to autonomously make critical assessments on the specific topics dealt with in the module, and to use properly the given bibliographical and multimedia research tools.
MODULE 2
The module aims to provide the conceptual, methodological and cultural foundations to promote a survey on the meaning of philosophy as an exercise of maieutic transformation. This objective will also be achieved by enhancing the knowledge of the points of convergence of theoretical philosophy with some other disciplines (in particular, anthropology, sociology and theology).

Students will learn the specific terminology and the main conceptual and methodological research skills that may provide helpful insight in the main topics of theoretical philosophy. They will also acquire the ability to autonomously make critical assessments on the specific topics dealt with in the module, and to use properly the given bibliographical and multimedia research tools.

Syllabus

------------------------
MM: MODULO I
------------------------
Crisis, criticism, clinic The experience of philosophical thought is often associated with criticism, that is, with the faculty of judgment to divide, to separate. Yet several signs today seem to indicate that this capacity so consubstantial with philosophy has reached a crisis point. The course aims to analyze and discuss the implications of critical exercise in the contemporary era and rethink it in terms of a philosophical clinic. Bibliography: 1. Immanuel Kant, Risposta alla domanda: Che cos’è l’Illuminismo?, Mimesis, Milano-Udine 2021. 2. Michel Foucault, Che cos’è l’Illuminismo? (contained as afterword to the book in point 1). 3. Gilles Deleuze, L'immanenza: una vita, in "aut-aut", nr. 271-272, 1996, pp. 4-7. 4. Gilles Deleuze – Felix Guattari, Che cos’è la filosofia?, Einaudi, Torino 1996. Some optional bibliographic materials: – Michel Foucault, Illuminismo e critica, Donzelli, Roma 1997. – Michel Foucault, Preface to the American edition of L'Anti-Oedipe (available at: https://www.dcuci.univr.it/documenti/OccorrenzaIns/matdid/matdid574214.pdf) – Giorgio Agamben, L'immanenza assoluta, in Id., La potenza del pensiero, Neri Pozza, Vicenza 2005, pp. 377-404. Students attending the classes will receive frontal lessons that involves the participation of students, which will address the texts in the form of a comment, an elaboration, an extension and a discussion of their content. The individual study of the texts will be also an important part of the preparation of the final exam. Meeting hours for students are scheduled during the whole academic year. Days and hours of the courses and of the meetings will be communicated in the teacher’s personal webpage. For students who will attend classes as well as for students not attending the classes, the contents of the textbooks, as well as the lessons and exercises held in the classroom, are part of the program. Any additional teaching materials will be reported by the end of the course and, where possible, made available on the online teaching platform. Students don't attending the course contact please the teacher to discuss during consultation hours about doubts and questions concerning their preparation for the exam.
------------------------
MM: MODULO II
------------------------

Course title: The strength of exemplarity and philosophy as an exercise of transformation
The course aims to return to and develop a philosophy understood as an exercise of transformation starting from the maieutic tradition of Socrates and paying particular attention to the role played by the exemplarity (the maieutic example) of others in the formation process of singularity.
1. In the first part of the course we start with Hadot's reflection on ancient philosophy in order to focus on the problem of a philosophy of care relationships; then we will analyze the development of this concept in Scheler (Vorbild) and Zambrano (Guida).
Reference texts:
P. Hadot, Esercizi spirituali e filosofia antica (Philosophy as a Way of Life. Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault);
M. Scheler, Ordo amoris;
M. Zambrano, Verso un sapere dell'anima.
2. In the second part we will develop the concept of a philosophy as an exercise of transformation based on exemplarity and practices of emotional sharing.
Reference text:
G. Cusinato, Periagoge. Teoria della singolarità e filosofia come esercizio di trasformazione.
Teaching methods: Seminar lessons, presentations and discussions of thematic reports, in-depth analysis of the topics proposed in the program.
In relation to the situation resulting from the covid-19 emergency, in accordance with the University's instructions, lessons may also be held in online mode.
It is recommended to obtain the examination texts before the beginning of the lessons.

Assessment methods and criteria

------------------------
MM: MODULO I
------------------------
Oral examination. In order to pass the exam, students will show that: - they possess a deep knowledge of the main specific issues developed during the course; - they possess also the capacity to make an independent reflection on theoretical implications of such issues, using a pertinent and appropriate language. The competence of all students, either those who attended the course or those who didn’t, will be valued through an oral examination about the specific topics and questions discussed during the classes. The final score will be expressed in /30s.
------------------------
MM: MODULO II
------------------------
The next examinations are scheduled for January 18 and February 9, 2020. At the beginning the exams will take place in presence mode. Once the examinations in presence will be completed, we will continue with those via ZOOM, for which it may be necessary to continue in the following days. Those who wish to replace the oral examination with the discussion of a paper are instead invited to make an appointment directly with the lecturer at the time of delivery of the paper.
The video-recorded lessons, present on the Moodle platform, are an integral part of the program to be taken to the exam.
In order to pass the exam, students will have to demonstrate their skills of:
1) having an in-depth knowledge of the main specific themes developed during the course;
2) knowing how to develop a critical reflection, expressed in relevant and accurate language, on their theoretical implications.
The assessment of learning outcomes requires the oral exam aimed at verifying the level of knowledge of the texts in the program.
As an alternative, it is possible to conceive the oral examination as a discussion of a written paper. In this case, the theme of the paper must be agreed in advance with the lecturer. The paper must be about 20,000 characters long and submitted by email at least 7 days before the discussion as a file in Word format, named with the SURNAME and NAME of the student. The paper is to be conceived as an organized summary of the text parts in the program which have aroused the most interest. The final part of the paper is to be dedicated to a brief personal reflection a couple of pages long.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Gilles Deleuze Félix Guattari Che cos'è la filosofia? Einaudi 2002
I. Kant, M. Foucault Che cos'è l'Illuminismo? Mimesis 2012
Michel Foucault Introduzione alla vita non-fascista NET Editor 2012
Pierre Hadot Che cos'è la filosofia antica? (in alternativa a Esercizi spirituali) Torino Einaudi 1998
Pierre Hadot Esercizi spirituali e filosofia antica (solo le seguenti pp.: 1-119; 155-196) Einaudi 2005
Max Scheler Pagine scelte (Testo facoltativo) Disponibile Pdf nella cartella Moodle 1980
Guido Cusinato Periagoge. Teoria della singolarità e filosofia come esercizio di trasformazione (Edizione 2) QuiEdit 2017