Sociology of Education or Anthropology (2019/2020)

Course code
4S006130
Credits
8
Coordinator
Lorenzo Migliorati
Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
ANTROPOLOGIA 4 M-DEA/01-DEMOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY Sem. 2B Stefania Pontrandolfo
SOCIOLOGIA DELL'EDUCAZIONE 4 SPS/08-SOCIOLOGY OF CULTURE AND COMMUNICATION Sem. 2A Lorenzo Migliorati

Learning outcomes

First part: ANTHROPOLOGY
1. Knowledge and Understanding
At the end of the course the student should:
- have a basic knowledge of the fundamentals of socio-cultural anthropology in the various fields of relational anthropology, visions of the world, political anthropology, economics, social inequalities and the modern globalized world in order to comparatively understand human variation from a social and cultural viewpoint;
- have a knowledge of the most widespread social and cultural inequality construction processes in order to understand the main forms of racism in the contemporary world
2. Applying Knowledge and Understanding
At the end of the course, the student should be able:
- to promote cultural decentralization and therefore the affective, cognitive, relational and socio-cultural autonomies of the people with whom the student will work;
- to use anthropological knowledge to intervene in marginality situations and integration difficulties, also through the recognition and promotion of different family education models and different cultural styles of learning of the people with whom the student will work;
- to plan, create and evaluate educational projects in an anti-racist perspective of social inclusion and intercultural dialogue
3. Making Judgements
At the end of the course, the student will have acquired:
- the capacity to question the socio-cultural variation of models and educational processes;
- the capacity to critically analyze, outline and implement educational and didactic interventions with an inclusivity and inter-cultural dialogue perspective.
4. Communication Skills
At the end of the course, the student should be able to:
- consciously and critically use specific terms relating to socio-cultural diversity;
- inform pupils, colleagues, parents and others of his/her own curricular choices and know how to constructively compare his/her own decisions with other people's views.
5. Learning Skills
At the end of the course, the student should be able to:
- recognize the pupils' various educational background models and different learning styles and adopt suitable didactic strategies;
- consider himself/herself to be within a permanent learning trend in terms of the fluidity of socio-cultural processes in contemporary school education

Second part: SOCIOLOGY OF EDUCATION
1. Knowledge and Understanding
- Knowledge of the fundaments of the reasoning and the sociological method, with specific reference to the contents of the sociology of education.
- Knowledge of the main functions of education systems in contemporary societies (cultural transmission, socialization, social selection).
- Knowledge, on a diachronic and analytical level, of the main transformations in the systems of education of western societies in the globalization era;
2. Knowledge and ability to understand in practice
At the end of the course the students will be able:
- To interpret the meaning of the organizational forms of socialization systems for early childhood.
- To encourage forms of reorganization of the socialization context, to make it concretely functional to the educational and educational objectives.
- To interpret the legislative indications concerning the institutionalized systems of primary socialization and adapt them to specific cases.
- To develop primary socialization projects to be applied in specific contexts.
3. Making Judgments
At the end of the course the students will be able:
- To evaluate the impact of policies deployed by policy-makers on primary socialization and early childhood education services.
- To observe, analytically and critically, the institutionalized contexts of primary socialization “as they are”, rather than “as they should be”.
- To organize their competence in the observation and description of the social worlds linked to primary socialization.
4. Communication Skills
At the end of the course the students will have to:
- Know and use the specific sociological vocabulary in order to education and primary education systems.
- Define the referents in the concrete reality of the analyzed concepts and knowing how to properly name them.
- Know how to manage some aspects of the content of social analysis of childcare and basic education systems to be used specifically in educational teams.
5. Learning Skills
At the end of the course the students will have to:
- Be able to analyze the institutionalized systems of primary socialization by observing similarities and differences.
- To experiment autonomous analysis capacity of institutionalized systems of primary socialization.
- Be able to interpret the transformations of the basic school systems from the point of view of sociale contemporary transformation.

Syllabus

------------------------
MM: ANTROPOLOGIA
------------------------
Requirements No particular requirements needed. Content The course content regards: - introduction to the conceptual methods and tools of basic socio-cultural anthropology (especially the concepts of culture and society); - the fundamentals of socio-cultural anthropology in the various fields of relational anthropology, visions of the world, political anthropology, economics, social inequalities and the modern globalized world; - the fundamentals of socio-cultural anthropology in the study of the various forms of present-day racism. Teaching methods Lectures in which numerous ethnographic examples (also taken from the professional context of Infant and Primary Schools) will be presented to support the teaching/learning of the discipline's basic concepts Text: E. A. Schultz e R. H. Lavenda, 2015, Antropologia culturale, Zanichelli, Bologna (only the third Italian edition). - only study chapters 1-2-3-7-8-9-10-12-14 - in chap.10, study from page 254 to page 266 - in chap. 11, study from page 287 to page 295 - in chapter 14, do not study from page 413 to page 424
------------------------
MM: SOCIOLOGIA DELL'EDUCAZIONE
------------------------
The contents of the course will concern: - An initial alignment with the sociological study of reality to identify its peculiarities with respect to other approaches in the field of education sciences; - The study of the evolution of the "social phenomenon" along the timeline that runs from pre-modernity, to modernity, to advanced modernity, with specific reference to the birth and evolution of education systems. - The study of the main theoretical lines related to the theme of socialization, with particular reference to primary socialization; - The study of the functioning of the main primary socialization agencies (family and school). - The study and analysis of the main social functions of institutionalized systems of primary socialization in modern and contemporary societies; - The study and analysis of the main transformations of basic education systems in the historical and socio-economic context of globalized societies. - Further monographic insights on specific topics related to education systems (for example, evaluation systems in schools as social products).

Assessment methods and criteria

------------------------
MM: ANTROPOLOGIA
------------------------
Learning assessment method The assessment method will be NO different for attending and non-attending students. Learning levels will be assessed by a written examination. The student must be able to demonstrate: - to have understood the important elements of the discipline's main theoretical arguments; - to be able to express their own reasoning in a precise manner and in a limited amount of time, identifying and selecting the essential elements; - to be able to critically analyze and connect the ethnographic examples studied to the theory. Results The results of the examination will be given on a scale of thirty. The written examination will contain 3 open questions to which a maximum of 10 points will be attributed to each answer. The written examination will last for 1 hour.
------------------------
MM: SOCIOLOGIA DELL'EDUCAZIONE
------------------------
Two alternative assessment methods are proposed, among which the student can choose. 1. "Traditional" mode: - Production of a written text on open questions starting from the recommended texts. 2. "Step" mode: - first step: production of a written text starting from the reflection and personal re-elaboration of the contents proposed in the classroom (in itinere); - second step: production of a written work and a multimedia production to be presented publicly in the classroom on occasions dedicated to a topic related to the sociology of culture and which do not directly form the curricular contents of the course; - third step: oral examination on specific parts of the program. In both cases, the final evaluation derives from the average of the results obtained in each test and will be expressed in thirtieths.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
E. A. Schultz e R. H. Lavenda Antropologia culturale (Edizione 3) Zanichelli 2015 978-88-08-15131-5
Ivo Colozzi Capitale sociale e rendimento scolastico. Una proposta metodologica per misurare la capacità della scuola di integrare i figli dei migranti. Erickson 2018 9788859015697
Steven Brint Scuola e società Il Mulino 2007 978-88-15-11957-5