Thinking and Reasoning (2019/2020)

Course code
4S007368
Name of lecturer
Roberto Burro
Coordinator
Roberto Burro
Number of ECTS credits allocated
6
Academic sector
M-PSI/01 - GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY
Language of instruction
Italian
Location
VERONA
Period
Sem. 2A dal Feb 17, 2020 al Mar 28, 2020.

Lesson timetable

Go to lesson schedule

Learning outcomes

This course will cover the main contemporary theories of human thinking and reasoning, including perceptual processes, logical and analogical reasoning, and probabilistic reasoning. In addition, it will cover classic research on problem solving and decision making, the mental model theory, as well as heuristics and biases in judgement.

By the end of the course students will be able to:
- understand the historical framework, in which theories and experimental researches concerning psychology of thinking and reasoning has been developed, also developing a deep comprehension of the psychological constructs in the field,
- develop knowledge and comprehension of the terms relating to Decision Making and Problem Solving.

Syllabus

THE TWO THINKING SYSTEMS
ATTENTION AND MENTAL EFFORT
INTELLIGENCE, CONTROL AND RATIONALITY
THE ASSOCIATIVE MECHANISM
- Priming
- The stimuli that guide us
COGNITIVE FLUIDITY
- Illusions of memory
- Illusions of truth
- How to write a persuasive message
- Tension and effort
- The pleasure of fluidity

RULES, SURPRISES AND CAUSES
- Evaluate normality
- See causes and intentions
- About rules and causes
A MECHANISM TO JUMP TO THE CONCLUSIONS
- Inattention to ambiguity and repression of doubt
- Belief bias and confirmation
- Halo effect
HOW THE JUDGES ARE FORMED
- Series and prototypes
ANSWER A QUICKEST QUESTION
- Replacement of the questions
- Heuristics in 3D
- Heuristics of mood and happiness

EURISTICHE and BIAS
- The law of small numbers
- The bias of certainty with respect to doubt
- Cause and case
ANCHORS
THE PSYCHOLOGY OF AVAILABILITY
THE REPRESENTATION
CAUSES AGAINST STATISTICS
- Causal stereotypes
- Causal situations
REGRESSION TOWARDS THE MEDIA

CORRECT INTUITIVE PREDICTIONS
THE EXCESSIVE SAFETY OF THOUGHT
THE ILLUSION OF VALIDITY
INTUITIONS AGAINST FORMULAS
- Hostility towards algorithms
THE FALLACY OF PLANNING
THE CHOICES
THE PROSPECT THEORY
RARE EVENTS
- Overestimation and weighting
RISK POLICIES
FRAME AND REALITY
EXPERIMENTED WELLNESS
REFLECTIONS

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Kahneman Daniel Pensieri lenti e veloci Mondadori 2019 8804671955

Assessment methods and criteria

NB: Following the health emergency due to Covid-19, the usual examination procedures are changed for the 2020 summer session, in accordance with the indications of the University. Specifically: "the exam will be held orally using Zoom".

The exam taken during an official call will consist of a 30 minutes multiple choice question (30) (3 answers alternatives, only one of which is correct.) For the final judgment expressed in thirtieths, a correct answer has value equal to 1 point, an incorrect answer has a value equal to 0 points, an answer not given has a value equal to 0 points).