Philosophy of Education (2019/2020)

Course code
Name of lecturer
Daniele Loro
Daniele Loro
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
Sem. 1A dal Sep 23, 2019 al Oct 31, 2019.

Lesson timetable

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Learning outcomes

1. To know some of the main educational themes, expressed in particular by the pedagogical language, and to understand its meaning better thanks to the contribution of philosophical thought, since these themes also have a philosophical value.
2. Understand that the act of education, like any other professional action, has an ethical, aesthetic and theoretical dimension in itself, for whose full understanding philosophical reflection is necessary.
3. To know and understand that the philosophical contribution to educational reflection is of a reflective nature and ultimately concerns the meaning and the ultimate goal of educating; hence its importance also for educational practice.


1. To use a cognitive methodology that starts from the educational experience, rereads its meaning in philosophical terms and shows its content in the analysis of the initial empirical situation.
2. To know how to justify the relationship between educational experience, pedagogical reflection and philosophical theorization, and to appreciate the formative and cultural value that is expressed by this link.
3. To learn from the pedagogical reflection further personal, cultural and professional motivations that can strengthen the ability to operate in a competent and responsible way in the different educational contexts


The study of the topics of the program will be articulated on three levels, distinct and at the same time interrelated: the level of "cognitive contents"; the level of the "processes", that is of the reciprocal links between different contents; the level of “general meanings”, understandable even starting from concrete experience.

• In relation to the development of the ability to know and understand

The first part of the program aims to establish the cognitive premises necessary to proceed in the knowledge and understanding of the essential disciplinary contents.
1. The problematic nature of the relationship between education and philosophy, that is between practical activity and theoretical knowledge
2. Elements for a theoretical view of philosophical knowledge
3. The philosophical meanings implicates in the language and the educational practice
4. The cognitive model of the philosophy of education
5. The complexity of the relationship between philosophical theory, educational practice and philosophical-pedagogical synthesis

• In relation to the development of the ability to apply knowledge and understanding

The second part of the program aims to show how it is possible to "apply" the methodological approach of the philosophy of education to issues and problems that are essential from an educational point of view.
1. Philosophical reflection on the "person" at the center of the educational experience
2. Philosophical reflection on the theme of "truth" in education
3. Philosophical reflection on the theme of "beauty" in education
4. Philosophical reflection on the "ethical" dimension of educational work
5. Philosophical reflection on the theme of "time" in education
6. Philosophical reflection on the "limit" of educational work
7. Philosophical reflection on the "need for meaning" and its educational implications

• In relation to the didactic organization of the program

The lessons will take place taking into account three modes:
1. the frontal lesson for the presentation of the essential contents;
2. the participatory lesson, in relation to the moments of dialogue in the classroom between students and the teacher and of collaboration between the students;
3. Interventions, questions and brief debates on the issues addressed from time to time will be favored;
4. Should it be necessary, the e-learning platform will be used to upload teaching material.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Edgar Morin Insegnare a vivere. Manifesto per cambiare l'educazione Raffaello Cortina 2015
Daniele Loro Questioni educative e riflessioni filosofiche. Teoria e pratica della filosofia dell'educazione 2019

Assessment methods and criteria


To achieve the learning objectives listed above, it is necessary to study two texts, mandatory for all, attending and non-attending;
─ D. Loro, Educational Issues and Philosophical Reflections. Handbook of theory and practice of the philosophy of
education. Lecture
─ E. Morin, Teaching to live. Manifesto to change education, Milan, ed. Raffaello Cortina, 2014.

Texts suggested for a possible personal study:
─ M. Baldini, Virtue of error. Between epistemology and pedagogy, Brescia, ed. The School, 2012.
─ N. Bobbio, Philosophy and the need for meaning, Brescia, ed. Morcelliana, 2017.
─ R. Bodei, Limit, Bologna, ed. il Mulino, 2016.
─ Order No., The usefulness of the useless. Manifesto, Milan, ed. Bompiani / Rizzoli, 201616 (2013).

The objective of the examination is to verify the presence in the students of an adequate level of learning and understanding of the contents, the cognitive processes underlying the contents, and the meanings that are hidden from them.
The exam will take the form of a written test, lasting a maximum of 3 hours. The written test will consist of 5 compulsory questions, differentiated by type, plus one that is optional and not a substitute for the others.
The first four questions are on the lecture the fifth concerns the book by E. Morin.
1st question of a "descriptive" nature: being able to summarize a given topic in the lecture;
2nd Question of a "conceptual" nature: knowing how to define with precision two concepts present in the lecture;
3rd Question of an "argumentative" nature: knowing how to reconstruct coherently the passages of an argumentation present in the lecture;
4th question of a "critical" nature: being able to compare two different topics on a topic in the dispensation and express a critical evaluation based on the value of both.
5th question of an "expository" nature: knowing how to present, and explain in a synthetic way, a chapter of Morin's book, showing in particular its topicality and importance from the philosophical-educational point of view.
6th Question (optional) of a reflective nature: reflect on one of the topics in the exam program and present your idea about it. .
The 5 compulsory questions are assigned up to a maximum of 6 points. Any answer to the 6th question will contribute to the integration of the final grade.
It will be possible to increase the final grade by 1 or 2 points if the task is written very well from a graphic, grammatical and syntactic point of view, so as to demonstrate the ability to communicate effectively, given the synergy between the exhibition form and the conceptual content.


To guarantee the connection, as required by the document of "integration to the degree diploma" (diploma supplement), between the exam program and the academic year in which the student takes the exam, and because each year the course program it is deepened and updated in its contents, compared to the programs of previous years, it is culturally and didactically appropriate that the students enrolled in the previous academic years take the exam bringing the program of the current academic year, except for serious and motivated reasons, to be communicated in any case and in advance to the teacher.