Philosophy of Arts and Music (2017/2018)

Course code
Name of lecturer
Markus Georg Ophaelders
Markus Georg Ophaelders
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
Sem. IIA dal Feb 26, 2018 al Apr 21, 2018.

Lesson timetable

Go to lesson schedule

Learning outcomes


The course intends to deepen the conceptual, methodological and cultural instruments necessary in order to analyse and interpret a art works. The course also aims at the understanding of the logics and the conceptual structures and at the capacity to use a precise and adequate language; thus, it intends to make the students acquire the competences to form autonomously a critical judgement and to express it adequately.


The Tragic, the Subject and the Community in G.W.F. Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit

After a broad introduction into Hegel’s philosophy and the dialectical method, above all the pages of the Phenomenology dedicated to the figure of the spirit will be read and commented. The intention of this course is to provide the students with the instruments adapted to dialectical thought and to give them the possibility to make an experience of how, in the years of the French Revolution, the relationship between the single person and society was perceived also in the arts (and especially through tragedy). Hegel asserts that the German philosophy represents the Revolution in the form of concepts; thus analysing certain figures of the Phenomenology of Spirit might indicate a way of making a revolutionary experience even today. During the course the following concepts will primarily be examined: the ethnical world, law, guilt and destiny, the condition of right (legal status), self-alienation, Enlightenment and morality. The analysis of the single figures will help to elaborate the different relationships with a given community, the single subject might find itself involved in, but also the possibilities to change them not only in a political way, but also by the arts in an anticipatory manner. If necessary, also the pages dedicated to self-consciousness and to the dialectics between lordship and bondage will be involved into the discussion.


- G.W.F. Hegel, Fenomenologia dello spirito, a cura di Gianluca Garelli, Einaudi, Torino 2008, pp. 3-67, 236-243, 247-262, 279-283, 291-357, 388-396.
- G.W.F. Hegel, Estetica, Einaudi, Torino 1997, tomo II, pp. 1295-1362.
- Markus Ophälders, Hegel: The Death of Art and the Tragedy of living, in “Studi Germanici” 2, Roma 2013.


The didactic methods adopted are not distinct between attending and non-attending students. They consist of frontal lessons and collective discussions devoted to the transmission and critical examination of concepts and structures of thinking and reflection and their respective application tools to implement theoretical notions in the direction of autonomous critical judgment.
Throughout the academic year, the teacher also holds a regular individual Reception at the times indicated on his page (without having to set a specific appointment). However, it is recommended that you consult the messages to be informed of any changes. During the first lesson, attending students will receive the full lesson schedule with the dates and topics discussed. Information on timetables and classrooms is also provided.
The content of books and lessons is adhering to the program.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
G.W.F. Hegel Estetica Einaudi 1997 tomo II, pp. 1295-1362.
G.W.F. Hegel Fenomenologia dello spirito Einaudi 2008 Verranno lette e commentate le seguenti pagine: pp. 3-67, 236-243, 247-262, 279-283, 291-357, 388-396.
- Markus Ophälders, Morte dell’arte e tragedia del vivere, in “Studi Germanici” 2, Roma 2013. Hegel: Morte dell’arte e tragedia del vivere Studi Germanici” 2, 2013 2013

Assessment methods and criteria


The assessment of the learning outcomes involves an oral test, during which the issues discussed during the course and studied in the texts will be developed. The exam aims at ensuring knowledge of the topics under discussion and the ability to apply the concepts and logical methodologies to the various issues proposed.

This indivisible oral test is about the whole program; it consists of an interview with the teacher and tries to verify:
- the depth and breadth of the knowledge gained;
- the property of language;
- the ability to systematically connect knowledge;
- analytical and argumentative ability.

The vote is expressed in marks from 18 to 30/30.

ERASMUS students are requested to contact the teacher at the beginning of the courses to agree together the teaching methods and the assessment tests.