|Tuesday||4:50 PM - 6:30 PM||lesson||Lecture Hall 2.2|
|Wednesday||4:50 PM - 6:30 PM||lesson||Lecture Hall 1.4|
|Thursday||4:50 PM - 6:30 PM||lesson||Lecture Hall 2.2|
To achieve an adequate understanding of the comprehension about the experience of time in twentieth-century philosophical thought.
TIME, MEMORY, CONTINUITY: HENRI BERGSON
The question about time accompanies philosophy from the very beginning: for Anaximander "order of time" gives shape to the events of the world and the temporal character of "Eternity" is the main constitutive feature of Being for Parmenides. Since then the question of time has not ceased to haunt the Western thought (Augustine, Kant, Heidegger ...). During the first decade of the last century, we become spectators of an attempt to radically rethink the notion of time and the formal premises of what for twenty-five centuries had marked the figure of time: Einstein publishes in 1905 "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies", in which he exposes the theory of special relativity, which upsets the principles of Newtonian understanding of time and in 1909 Proust begins "In Search of Lost Time", the great novel-essay on time in which two centuries of European literature are summarized. Philosophy accompanies this subversive movement of our assumptions of understanding of time: between 1904 and 1905 Husserl held in Göttingen his lessons on the inner consciousness of time, probably the apex of phenomenological research, urged undoubtedly by the essay which anticipates the entire twentieth-century speculation about time, "Matter and Memory" by Bergson (1896). What happens during these years? Behind the phenomenon of time begins to stand out the experience of the continuity. How the structure of temporal experience presupposes experience of continuity? Time is something given which structures from the very beginning our experience of the world (as Kant believed) or is it further reducible to more basic experiences, which are effective - hidden and uninterrupted - and able to suspend and produce what we use to call the flow of time?
|F. Cimatti||Filosofia dell'animalità||Laterza||2013|
|H. Bergson||Introduzione alla metafisica||Orthotes||2012|
|H. Bergson||Materia e memoria||Laterza||2014|
|T. Tuppini||Senza limiti, in: "Consecutio Temporum", Numero 8||2015|