History of Philosophy [indirizzo per l'educatore interculturale] (2008/2009)

Course code
Mario Longo
Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
istituzioni di storia della filosofia 5 M-FIL/06-HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY Sem. II A Mario Longo
parte monografica 4 M-FIL/06-HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY Sem. II B Giuliano Bergamaschi

Learning outcomes

Module: istituzioni di storia della filosofia
The course on History of Philosophy is aimed at providing the basic notions that are indispensable to frame and critically understand the contemporary issues concerning historical and social sciences. Special attention will be dedicated to the classics, in order to highlight a developing and deepening line of Philosophy’s fundamental speculative nuclei, though in changed historical conditions.The course will favour a direct approach to the texts of the classics, in order to show that philosophical discourse arises from concrete problems and needs and that it prospects solutions which can still be subject to useful reflection.

Module: parte monografica
The teaching of history of philosophy is to provide conceptual frameworks and historical references to size and set the main current matters relating to the development of human sciences.


Module: istituzioni di storia della filosofia
Basic part: knowledge on the following topics is required: pre-Socratics and Socrates; Plato’s thought; Aristotle and Aristotelianism, Stoicism and Epicureanism; Roman philosophy and Neoplatonism (Plotinus); Christian philosophy and St. Augustine; Scholastics and St. Thomas; William Occam and the end of the Medieval thought; modern science: Galileo Galilei and Francis Bacon; modern philosophy: René Descartes; Spinoza’s monism; English empiricism: Locke, Berkeley, Hume; Leibniz’s monadology; G.B. Vico’s historicism; Kant’s criticism; German idealism: Fichte, Schelling, Hegel; Positivism: Comte, Stuart Mill; Schopenhauer’s thought; Marx’s historical materialism; Nietzsche’s thought.

Texts for the exam: |
Basic Part: a good secondary education handbook – “licei classici” or “licei scientifici” - (for instance, Antiseri-Reale, or Berti-Volpi, or Adorno-Gregory-Verra, or Moravia, or the latest: L’esperienza del pensiero. La filosofia: storia, temi, attualità, Loescher, Torino 2006, voll. 5), with reference to the chapters related to the above mentioned topics.

Module: parte monografica
Individualism: The teaching want to face the individualism’s theme, or the assertion of individual freedom as a supreme value and centre of gravity of the modern age, as well as pivot of the main philosophical, scientific and policies vision of the occident.
The course want to briefly retrace the history of this great idea following the evolution and the theoretical implications from Socrate to recent neuroscience.
Alongside will be examined the anti-individualist tradition into its reactionary and materialistic variant, the Christian transcendent’s perspective focused into the person’s concept and the contemporary achievement of the neurobiological’s science who investigating the brain and mind.
About the individual will be examined some essential dimensions such as the meaning, pain, motivation and awareness.
The classic reference’s text of this route will be “Saggio sulla Libertà di J. Stuart Mill (on Liberty, 1858)”.
Mill English liberal thinker of extraordinary force believes in the individual as a responsible body who entrench into the freedom and dialogue.
Mill wrote "Men are not infallible; their truth are mostly of half-truths."
Our knowledges are provisional and belie and it follows that if we want to improve individuals they should be free to compare each others avoiding the temptation of every form of tyranny and arrogance.

Exam’s texts

J. Staurt Mill, Saggio sulla libertà, ( trad.it.) Saggiatore, Milano 2007.
Further bibliographical details will be provided during the course.

Assessment methods and criteria

Module: istituzioni di storia della filosofia
The first module (basic course) will be evaluated through a written exam.

Module: parte monografica