Roman history (2018/2019)

Course code
4S007531
Credits
12
Coordinator
Attilio Mastrocinque
Other available courses
Other available courses
Other available courses
Teaching is organised as follows:
Unit Credits Academic sector Period Academic staff
MODULO 1 6 L-ANT/03-ROMAN HISTORY Sem. 1A Attilio Mastrocinque
MODULO 2 6 L-ANT/03-ROMAN HISTORY Sem. 1B Attilio Mastrocinque

Learning outcomes

I MODULE
Aims of the course are an improvement of the knowledge of the Roman civic culture during the Imparial Age, of the extention of the Roman citizenship to Italy and then to the Roman Empire, and the understanding of the fundamental principles which the Roman society and its relationships with foreigners were based on. The study takes into account documents referring to the changes of the rights of Italian and provincial cities. Students will be encouraged to study documentary sources being either archaeological, literay or epigraphic. Their analysis will enable students to understand and distinguish the features pertaining to different kinds of documents and make a comparison between them. Students will single out the principles of the social cohesion of the Romans, their ability to integrate non-Romans into their society and politics, and their most important political enactements such as the Constitutio Antoniniana which deeply modified the social life and principles. Moreover, students will understand the reason why principles of the social life underwent crises during the 3rd century.
Students will learn how to evaluate autonomously documents of the Roman history by means of a comparison between different authors or between authors and different kind of sources, and deem their reliability. Students will improve their communication skill, will express their opinions and even their doubts concerning problems arising from the course and will receive answers and also directions on how to shape their exposition. Their learning skill will be improved and at the end of the course they should demonstrate to be able to analyse critically at least the sources and iconographies taken into account, to present in a logical sequence their discourses, clearly and on the basis of the most important documents.


II MODULE
The aim of the course is that of improving the knowledge of the relationships between politics and religion during the Imperial Age and of the basic principles which the Roman society and religion were based on. The study will take into account texts referring to the persecution and the triumph of Christianity. Students will be encouraged to study documentary sources being either archaeological, literay or epigraphic. Their analysis will enable students to understand and distinguish the features pertaining to different kinds of documents and make a comparison between them. Students will single out the principles of the social cohesion of the Romans, their attitude in their relationship with non-Roman cultures, the repression or approval of these latters during the 2nd to the 4rd century. Students will learn how to evaluate autonomously documents of the Roman history by means of a comparison between different authors or between authors and different kind of sources, and deem their reliability. Students will improve their communication skill, will express their opinions and even their doubts concerning problems arising from the course and will receive answers and also directions on how to shape their exposition. Their learning skill will be improved, as well, and at the end of the course they should demonstrate to be able to analyse critically at least the sources and iconographies taken into account, to present in a logical sequence their discourses, clearly and on the basis of the most important documents.

Syllabus

The end of the Roman Republic
1) Texts to read: Plutarch, Lifes of the Gracchi, of Sulla, of Cicero, Caesar, and Anthony (an edition with commentary);
2) the passages and texts read and commented during the classes;
3) study of a handbook of Roman history such as A. Momigliano, Manuale di storia romana, a cura di A. Mastrocinque, Torino, UTET, 2011 (the final part, pp. 242-252, can be omitted); or Storia di Roma dalle origini alla tarda antichità, Catania, Edizioni del Prisma, 2013 (one can omit the final part starting from chapter V of section IX).
The use of an historical atlas is recommended.
Erasmus students who are unable to study the aforementioned literature are requested to discuss the problem with prof. Mastrocinque and obtain a partially different programme.

The period of Julian “the Apostate”.
Texts to be read:
1) Ammianus Marcellinus, Histories, books XX-XXIII;
2) Passages that will be discussed during the course
3) Giuliano l’Apostata. Discorso su Helios re. Testo, traduzione e commento di A.Mastrocinque, Nordhausen, Bautz Verlag, 2011.
Erasmus students who are unable to study the aforementioned literature are requested to discuss the problem with prof. Mastrocinque and obtain a partially different programme.
The lessons and the texts will be available in the E-Learning internet page

Assessment methods and criteria

oral exam. Questions will be posed in order to ascertain what learning and knowing level is reached. Eventually, the questions could go further in deep by focussing on texts and/or monuments discussed during the course.

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
Attilio Mastrocinque Giuliano l’Apostata. Discorso su Helios re. Testo, traduzione e commento Bautz 2011 9783883091020
Momigliano, Arnaldo Manuale di storia romana UTET 2016
Mazza, Mario, a cura di Storia di Roma dalle origini alla tarda antichità Edizioni del Prisma 2013
Plutarco Vite parallele opera completa Mondadori 1965 questa oppure un'altra edizione. Solo le vite indicate nel programma.
Mazza, Mario Le maschere del potere : cultura e politica nella tarda antichità Jovene 1986
Erodiano Storia dell’impero romano dopo Marco Aurelio, libri IV-VIII Sansoni 1967
Rowan, Clare Under divine auspices: divine ideology and the visualisation of imperial power in the Severan period Cambridge University Press 2012