The main objective of the course is to analyze the experience of language from the angle of philosophy. How do we experience language as a human "faculty"? Is there a place of coincidence between being of language and being of man, but which prevents them from assimilating one to another?
SENSE AND MEANING IN HEIDEGGER
In the last phase of Heidegger's thinking, the "ontological difference" becomes "language". The difference is no longer simply the one between being and Being, but between the Four of the "Geviert" and the thing. Language is not - as in "Being and Time" - an ontological-existential structure of Dasein , but an "indication" that articulates the difference between thing and the world. The difference rather than being "known" is inhabited by the original language of poetry: not language as phonetic and semantic capital but as an indication power. Like when a finger points to the moon and so produce the presence of itself, of the moon and of the distance between itself and the moon. The gap between the world and what, the event that reflects the four into each other, is driven by the tension of the index. Heidegger commenting on Trakl says: "in the middle there is pain". It is the same thing: "language - coherence and support of pain," is written in a poem by Heidegger. And also: "pain, fracture of silence - cry." Pain is the cry that inclines the crystal of the void. More than a real cry, it is a silent twist, a noise with which the "language" begins: as if the wedge between the world and the thing creaked. If language is the "home" of being - as Heidegger says elsewhere - we must not think of a monumental or intimate architecture. The "home" is above all a place of passage, threshold: it is made of doors, windows, corridors and vestibules, like the houses we see in Antonioni's movies. Language is, first of all, the Saying whose indicative power can move away and approach, blow the world and plunge it into the thing. The word made of words, the word said, is the articulation of the unarticulated noise made by the movement of the world and of things.
|Martin Heidegger||Essere e tempo||Longanesi||2005||§§. 1-18, 29-34, 40-53, 65, 68a|
|Tommaso Tuppini||Heidegger, un'introduzione||QuiEdit||2017|
|Martin Heidegger||Parmenide||Adelphi||1993||pp. 186-202|
|Martin Heidegger||Saggi e discorsi||Mursia||1976||La cosa, pp. 109-124|